Functional domains of language
functional domainmain areas
substantive notions and denominationnominal classification, proper names, relationality (kinship), formation and modification of substantive notions
quantification, measuring and orderingplurality, counting, non-numeral quantification, measurement and collection
referenceindividuation, anchorage (incl. deixis), endophora (incl. reference tracking, determination)
possessionpossession in reference, possessive predication, possession and participation, past and future possession
predicationexistence and presentation, identification, categorization, characterization (property, comparison), change of category/property/state; secondary predication
participationactor and control (causative constructions), undergoer and affectedness (applicative constructions), indirectus, desideration, experience, peripheral roles
design of situationsholistic vs. analytic representation (ideophones, verb series), temporal design of situations (time stability, telicity, phases of a situation), quality and quantity of situation core (intensification, gradation)
orientation in spaceposition and posture (incl. spatial and gestalt properties of objects), motion, reference points, spatial regions, local relations
orientation in timemoment and span, absolute time, temporal relation
junctionproposition vs. state-of-affairs, intrinsic relations (reported speech, content propositions), extrinsic relations (logical relations, concrete relations), pragmatic level of interpropositional relations
polaritynegation, polarity contrast
modalityobligation, volition, possibility; validation, acceptance, regret
discourse structureinformation structure (topic vs. comment, presupposition vs. assertion, focus), emphasis
communicative relationscommunication channel, illocution (declaration, question, request and command, hortatory/monitory), evidentiality, speaker's state of mind (incl exclamation); avoidance language